The Luscher color personality test is a projective evaluation technique that starts by relating the preference or rejection of different colors with the expression of certain psychological states. This is a widely used test in different fields and that has given rise to different controversies due to the nature of its application and its methodological criteria.
We will see below what are some of the theoretical foundations from which the Lüscher Test starts, and then explain the application and interpretation process, and finally, present some of the criticisms that have been made.
Objective Component And Subjective Component
The Luscher color personality test takes into consideration two elements that relate psychological states to the choice of certain colors. These elements are the following:
- The colors have an objective meaning, that is, the same chromatic stimulation causes the same psychological reaction in all individuals.
- However, each person establishes a subjective attitude that can either be preferably, or rejection of the color stimulus.
That is part of considering that all people can perceive the different color ranges equally, as well as experience the same sensations through them. It, therefore, attributes an objective character to the experiential quality associated with each color. For example, the red color would activate in all people equally a stimulating sensation and excitement, regardless of variables external to the people themselves.
To this last one, a subjective character is added, since it maintains that, by the same sensation of excitement that the red color causes, a person can prefer it and another one can perfectly reject it.
Application And Interpretation: What Do Different Colors Represent?
Basic Or Fundamental Color Personality Test
They represent the fundamental psychological needs of the human being. It is the colors blue, green, red and yellow. Broadly speaking, blue is the color of the involvement it affects, so it represents the need for satisfaction and affection. Green represents the attitude towards oneself and the need for self-affirmation (the defensiveness of the self). Red refers to the excitement and the need to act, and finally, yellow represents the projection (understood as a search for horizons and the reflection of an image) and the need to anticipate.
Reporting a pleasant perception in the presence of these colors is for Luscher an indicator of balanced psychology and free of conflicts or repressions.
Complementary Color Personality Test
It is the colors violet, brown (brown), black and gray. Contrary to basic or fundamental colors, the preference for complementary colors can be interpreted as an indicator of stress experience, or of a manipulative and negative attitude. They can also indicate some positive qualities according to how they actually place themselves. Also, the choice of these colors showcase association with people who have low preference or rejection experiences.
The violet color is representative of transformation, but it is also an indicator of immaturity and instability. Coffee represents the sensitive and the corporal. Therefore, it directly connects to the body, but having little vitality, it exaggerates choice to indicate stress. Gray, on the other hand, is indicative of neutrality, indifference, and possible isolation, but also of prudence and composure. Black is representative of renunciation or abandonment, and to a maximum degree, it can indicate protest and anguish.
The White Color Personality Test
Finally, the white color works as the contrasting color of the previous ones. However, it does not have a fundamental role in the psychological and evaluative meanings for this test.